Bientôt 100 ans pour la déclaration de Balfour , le Royaume-Uni refuse de s’excuser auprès des Palestiniens et y dit « fier de son rôle dans la création d’Israël »

Le gouvernement britannique se dit « fier de son rôle dans la création de l’Etat d’Israël »

Les  dirigeants palestiniens ont juré de  poursuivre le gouvernement britannique  après avoir refusé de s’excuser pour une déclaration de 1917 qui a ouvert la voie à la création d’ Israël .

Mahmoud Abbas avait demandé des excuses dans son discours à l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies en septembre, en prévision des célébrations prévues par les autorités britanniques et israéliennes pour marquer le centenaire de la Déclaration Balfour .

Plus de 13 500 personnes ont signé une pétition  appelant le gouvernement à «s’excuser ouvertement auprès du peuple palestinien» par la lettre, affirmant que la politique coloniale du Royaume-Uni a provoqué des «déplacements massifs» et des injustices.

Le nombre de signatures n’a pas réussi à dépasser la norme pour un débat parlementaire, mais le gouvernement a formulé une réponse officielle.

Jérusalem-1925.jpg
Les Palestiniens ont longtemps condamné la Déclaration Balfour comme une promesse de la part de la Grande-Bretagne de lui remettre des terres qu’elle ne possédait pas ( Getty )

« La déclaration Balfour est une déclaration historique pour laquelle HMG n’a pas l’intention de s’excuser », at-il ajouté.

« Nous sommes fiers de notre rôle dans la création de l’Etat d’Israël. La tâche est maintenant d’encourager les mouvements vers la paix.  »

Un porte-parole a déclaré que la Déclaration a été écrite dans un monde de «puissances impériales concurrentes» alors que la Première Guerre mondiale faisait rage et que l’Empire ottoman diminuait, ajoutant: «Dans ce contexte, établir une patrie pour le peuple juif les liens historiques et religieux étaient la chose juste et morale à faire, en particulier dans le contexte de siècles de persécution.

« Bien sûr, une évaluation complète de la Déclaration et de ce qui en découle ne peut être faite que par des historiens. »

Dans sa déclaration, le gouvernement a reconnu que la déclaration «aurait dû appeler à la protection des droits politiques des communautés non juives en Palestine, notamment leur droit à l’autodétermination», mais qu’une paix durable doit désormais être établie par une solution à deux États.

Il a appelé à la création d’un «État palestinien viable et souverain» fondé sur les frontières de 1967, avec des échanges de terres convenus, à Jérusalem en tant que capitale partagée des deux États, et sur un règlement convenu pour les réfugiés.

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Manuel Hassassian, l’ambassadeur palestinien au Royaume-Uni, a déclaré que la réponse signifiait que « la reine et le gouvernement de la Grande-Bretagne ne présenteraient pas d’excuses au peuple palestinien » et que les événements du centenaire prévus iraient de l’avant .

Il a déclaré qu’à moins que la position ne soit inversée et que le Royaume-Uni reconnaisse formellement l’état de Palestine, une poursuite serait poursuivie.

« C’est la seule condition sur laquelle nous pouvons fermer définitivement ce dossier », a-t-il déclaré mardi à la radio Voice of Palestine.

La déclaration Balfour était une lettre envoyée le 2 novembre 1917 par le ministre britannique des Affaires étrangères, Arthur James Balfour, à Lionel Walter Rothschild, un dirigeant de la communauté juive britannique.

Il a déclaré que le gouvernement de l’époque était favorable à l’établissement d’un « foyer national pour le peuple juif en Palestine », tant que « rien ne pourrait nuire aux droits civils et religieux des communautés non juives existantes en Palestine ».

Le texte a été lu comme support pour le mouvement sioniste et a été plus tard incorporé dans un traité de paix avec l’Empire ottoman et le mandat britannique pour la Palestine, en dépit de contredire d’autres accords.

Les Palestiniens ont longtemps condamné le document comme une promesse de la part de la Grande-Bretagne de remettre des terres qu’elle ne possédait pas.

 

Source: independent

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