La grippe a tué 13.000 personnes en France cette hiver: c’est moins qu’en 2016-2017

Santé publique France a annoncé ce mercredi que l’épidémie de grippe hivernale avait pris fin mi-avril en France métropolitaine, avec un bilan de 13 000 morts en plus lié à la grippe. Mais c’est moins que l’année précédente.

L’épidémie de grippe qualifiée « d’exceptionnelle » par le Ministère de la Santé a pris fin mi-avril, soldée par un excédent de mortalité de 13 000 morts, a annoncé ce mercredi Santé publique France. Soit moins que les 14 400 décès recensés à l’hiver 2016-2017. Deux pics de mortalité ont été observés : la première semaine de 2018 et lors de celle du 5 au 11 mars. « Les régions les plus concernées par cet excès de mortalité sont la Corse et l’Occitanie (+14%), les Hauts-de-France et la Normandie (+12%) », a relevé Santé publique France.

Surmortalité des plus de 65 ans

Si 93% des personnes décédées de la grippe étaient âgées de 65 ans et plus, le virus a également touché de jeunes enfants et des adolescents. Cette année, il a été particulièrement virulent avec les enfants de moins de 15 ans : 130 enfants âgés de 0 à 4 ans ont été admis en réanimation, de même que 48 jeunes âgés de 5 à 14 ans. 482 personnes (ou enfants) admis en réanimation sont décédées de la grippe.

Surmortalité chez les personnes non-vaccinées

Les résultats préliminaires de l’étude d’efficacité vaccinale en ville, selon le réseau Sentinelles à partir des données de la 15e semaine de 2018, indiquent une efficacité vaccinale de 54% chez les personnes de 65 ans et plus, tous virus grippaux confondus. Elle est estimée à 75% contre le virus A(H1N1)pdm09 et à 54% contre les virus de type B/Yamagata.

Parmi les cas de grippe grave admis en réanimation, la majorité des malades ont des facteurs de risque (81%) et 55% d’entre eux ne sont pas vaccinés parmi ceux dont le statut vaccinal est disponible (42%). Il s’agissait d’un virus A dans 60% des cas.

Situation en outre-Mer

« Aucune activité grippale » n’a été détectée dernièrement à Saint-Martin et l’épidémie est terminée en Guadeloupe et à SaintBarthélemy, assure Santé publique France. L’épidémie est également terminée en Guyane. Elle a duré 13 semaines, de fin décembre à fin mars, avec près de 8000 consultations en médecine ambulatoire. 3 cas graves ont été admis en réanimation, dont un décès. L’épidémie est également terminée à la Réunion et en Mayotte.  « En Martinique, l’activité grippale continuait de diminuer en semaine 14 mais restait soutenue chez les médecins généralistes ».

Comment se propage la grippe ?

Une nouvelle étude menée début janvier démontre que le virus est sous forme d’aérosol dans l’air qu’un malade expire, surtout au début de la maladie. Nul besoin de tousser, de se moucher ou d’éternuer pour le disséminer. « Nous avons constaté que les personnes infectées par la grippe contaminaient l’air autour d’elles par le virus juste en respirant, sans tousser ou éternuer« , résume le Dr. Milton, auteur principal de l’étude. « Les personnes atteintes de grippe génèrent des aérosols infectieux même lorsqu’elles ne toussent pas, surtout pendant les premiers jours de la maladie ».

Des mesures de prévention, dont la vaccination

Les résultats de l’étude suggèrent qu’insister sur la propreté, se laver les mains régulièrement et éviter les personnes qui toussent ne fournit pas une protection complète contre la grippe. Confiner les malades à la maison au début de la maladie, et hors des espaces publics, permettrait de mieux lutter contre la propagation du virus de la grippe.

Des améliorations pourraient être apportées aux systèmes de ventilation, notamment pour réduire les risques de transmission dans les bureaux, les salles de classe et le métro, par exemple. Pendant ce temps, les chercheurs insistent sur le fait de rester à la maison. La vaccination reste donc le meilleur moyen de prévention. Si elle ne protège pas toujours d’une grippe, la majorité des grippes graves surviennent chez des personnes non-vaccinées.

La vaccination en pharmacie

Depuis octobre 2017, 1300 pharmacies de Nouvelle-Aquitaine et Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes sont autorisées à vacciner contre la grippe sous certaine conditions. Pour l’hiver 2016-2017, moins d’un Français sur deux (46 %) avait été vacciné. Une couverture insuffisante pour protéger les personnes les plus fragiles. En témoigne le triste bilan de 13 000 morts. La ministre de la Santé Agnès Buzyn avait annoncé vouloir « généraliser dès 2019 », la vaccination contre cette maladie en officine.

Entre octobre 2017 et fin janvier 2018, 155 944 personnes ont été vaccinées contre la grippe en pharmacie, soit quatre fois plus que l’objectif de départ, selon l’Union des syndicats de pharmaciens d’officine (USPO). S’il s’agit pour le moment d’une expérimentation sur trois ans, les représentants des pharmacies ont déjà demandé « l’élargissement du nombre des régions expérimentatrices ».

Les pharmaciens intéressés par l’expérimentation ont dû suivre une formation d’une journée, afin d’être informés sur les détails réglementaires, notamment sur les conditions matérielles d’accueil des patients, qui seront reçus dans une pièce fermée, isolée de l’officine. Seuls les patients déjà immunisées dans le passé, pourront se faire vacciner en officine.

Comments

comments

0 commentaire sur “La grippe a tué 13.000 personnes en France cette hiver: c’est moins qu’en 2016-2017”

  1. I was very delighted to discover this web-site. I intended to many thanks for your time for this terrific read!! I most definitely delighting in every bit of it and also I have you bookmarked to take a look at brand-new stuff you blog post.

  2. An excellent share, I just offered this onto a colleague that was doing a little evaluation on this. And also he as a matter of fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him. smile. So let me rephrase that: Thnx for the reward! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it as well as love reading more on this topic. Ideally, as you end up being expertise, would you mind updating your blog site with more information? It is extremely helpful for me. Huge thumb up for this article!

  3. Ping : rivers casino
  4. My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for. can you offer guest writers to write content to suit your needs? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write with regards to here. Again, awesome web log!

  5. Oh my goodness! an outstanding write-up guy. Thanks Nonetheless I am experiencing issue with ur rss. Don?t know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there any individual obtaining similar rss issue? Any individual that knows kindly react. Thnkx

  6. Good blog post. I discover something much more difficult on various blogs day-to-day. It will certainly always be stimulating to review material from various other writers as well as practice a little something from their store. I?d choose to make use of some with the material on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll give you a web link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  7. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I do think that you need to write more about this issue, it may not be a taboo subject but generally folks don’t talk about such topics. To the next! Many thanks!!

  8. After looking at a few of the articles on your web page, I seriously appreciate your way of writing a blog. I book-marked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my web site as well and tell me how you feel.

  9. I was very delighted to find this web-site. I wished to many thanks for your time for this fantastic read!! I most definitely enjoying every little bit of it and also I have you bookmarked to look into new things you post.

  10. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited this web site before but after looking at some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly delighted I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!

  11. Can I simply say what a comfort to find somebody who genuinely understands what they are discussing online. You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people should read this and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you’re not more popular because you certainly possess the gift.

  12. Having read this I believed it was very enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this content together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  13. Can I just say what an alleviation to find a person that in fact understands what theyre talking about on the net. You most definitely recognize how to bring a problem to light and also make it vital. Even more individuals need to read this as well as recognize this side of the story. I angle think youre not extra preferred due to the fact that you definitely have the gift.

  14. Ping : new cialis
  15. This web site is actually a walk-through for every one of the info you desired about this as well as didn?t know that to ask. Glance here, as well as you?ll absolutely discover it.

  16. I was really happy to locate this web-site. I intended to thanks for your time for this terrific read!! I most definitely enjoying every bit of it and I have you bookmarked to have a look at brand-new stuff you blog post.

  17. Ping : slot machines
  18. When I originally commented I clicked the -Alert me when new remarks are included- checkbox as well as currently each time a remark is included I get 4 e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  19. Ping : cialis to buy
  20. I am typically to blogging as well as i actually value your content. The short article has actually peaks my passion. I am going to bookmark your site as well as keep looking for brand-new information.

  21. The following time I review a blog, I hope that it does not dissatisfy me as much as this set. I indicate, I know it was my choice to read, however I really believed youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whimpering concerning something that you might deal with if you werent too active looking for attention.

  22. Ping : viagra for sale
  23. When I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when brand-new remarks are added- checkbox as well as now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same remark. Exists any way you can eliminate me from that solution? Many thanks!

  24. This is the appropriate blog site for any person that wishes to learn about this subject. You recognize a lot its nearly hard to say with you (not that I actually would want?HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject thats been covered for several years. Wonderful things, simply great!

  25. I am the manager of JustCBD Store company (justcbdstore.com) and I am currently trying to grow my wholesale side of business. It would be great if anybody at targetdomain can help me ! I considered that the most effective way to do this would be to reach out to vape shops and cbd retail stores. I was hoping if someone could suggest a reliable web site where I can buy CBD Shops Business Email Addresses I am presently examining creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. Unsure which one would be the most ideal choice and would appreciate any guidance on this. Or would it be easier for me to scrape my own leads? Suggestions?

  26. I was really pleased to discover this web-site. I wanted to many thanks for your time for this fantastic read!! I most definitely delighting in every little of it and also I have you bookmarked to check out brand-new stuff you post.

  27. Good blog post. I learn something much more tough on different blog sites daily. It will always be boosting to read material from various other writers and also practice a something from their store. I?d choose to utilize some with the web content on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll offer you a web link on your web blog. Many thanks for sharing.

  28. Can I just claim what an alleviation to find someone who really understands what theyre discussing on the internet. You certainly understand how to bring a concern to light and also make it vital. Even more people need to read this and also recognize this side of the story. I angle think youre not much more popular since you certainly have the present.

  29. Ping : instant loans
  30. An intriguing discussion deserves remark. I believe that you should create much more on this topic, it might not be a forbidden topic however usually people are inadequate to talk on such subjects. To the following. Cheers

  31. Aw, this was a really nice article. In concept I would like to put in composing such as this in addition? taking time and also real initiative to make an excellent article? however what can I state? I procrastinate alot as well as never seem to obtain something done.

  32. Ping : payday loans
  33. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything similar to this just before. So nice to discover somebody by original ideas on this subject. realy thank you for starting this up. this amazing site can be something that is needed over the internet, someone with some originality. useful purpose of bringing something totally new to the internet!

  34. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a variety of websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it? Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  35. After research a few of the post on your website currently, and I really like your way of blog writing. I bookmarked it to my bookmark site checklist and will certainly be inspecting back soon. Pls look into my web site as well and also let me know what you think.

  36. I just want to mention I’m new to weblog and really savored your web-site. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You absolutely have very good writings. Many thanks for sharing with us your web page.

  37. Fantastic site you have here but I was curious if you knew
    of any discussion boards that cover the same topics
    talked about in this article? I’d really love to be
    a part of community where I can get feed-back from
    other experienced people that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

  38. Ping : buy vardenafil
  39. Ping : levitra generic
  40. Ping : cheap levitra
  41. Ping : online pharmacy
  42. Ping : cialis 10mg
  43. Ping : buy ed pills
  44. Women’S Rehab Center Near Me http://aaa-rehab.com Drug Rehab http://aaa-rehab.com Women’S Rehab Center Near Me
    http://aaa-rehab.com

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Protected with IP Blacklist CloudIP Blacklist Cloud

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.