Sept Mystères Anciens Qui Seront Résolus Par Les Archéologues Au 21e Siècle

Fredrik Hiebert, archéologue à National Geographic, prédit les incroyables trouvailles que nous pourrions faire au 21e siècle.

Fredrik Hiebert, archéologue à National Geographic, prédit les incroyables trouvailles que nous pourrions faire au 21e siècle.

 

Quand la National Geographic Society a accordé sa première bourse d’archéologie à Hiram Bingham en 1912, l’archéologue partait en direction du Machu Picchu avec l’un des appareils technologiques les plus avancés de l’époque : un appareil photo Kodak panoramique. Plus d’un siècle plus tard, les archéologues ont à leur disposition un fabuleux arsenal d’outils, allant des appareils de télédétection permettant de « voir » là où nos yeux ne vont pas aux ordinateurs si puissants qu’ils peuvent étudier en une seconde ce qui prendrait des milliers d’années à l’être humain.

« National Geographic ne surnomme pas le 21e siècle ‘le nouvel âge de l’exploration’ sans raison », commente l’archéologue Fredrik Hiebert, membre de la National Geographic Society. « Les opportunités de découvertes de ce siècle, ainsi que les questions auxquelles nous pourrons enfin apporter une réponse, semblent presque infinies. »

Partant de ce constat optimiste, nous avons demandé à Hiebert de partager ses prédictions sur les grandes attentes de ce nouveau siècle de découvertes :

 

1. Découvrir des cités, voire des civilisations, encore inconnues en Amérique Centrale et du Sud

« Les archéologues utilisent la technologie LiDAR (« light detection and ranging », soit télédétection par laser) pour littéralement « voir » au travers de la jungle épaisse de pays comme le Honduras et le Belize, afin de localiser des colonies humaines dont on ignorait encore l’existence », explique Hiebert.

Une mosaïque découverte l’année dernière dans un immense tombeau aux murs de marbre près du site ancien d’Amphipolis dans le nord de la Grèce a donné lieu à de nombreuses spéculations sur l’appartenance du tombeau à un membre de la famille d’Alexandre le Grand.

 

2. Retrouver le tombeau de Gengis Khan ou d’Alexandre le Grand

Une technologie telle que le radar à pénétration de sol (GPR) permet aux archéologues de voir sous terre sans devoir creuser, dit Hiebert. Dans le cadre du projet « Valley of the Khans » de National Geographic, son équipe a utilisé l’imagerie satellite pour identifier les éventuels emplacements du site funéraire de Gengis Khan, et ont effectué la vérification sur terrain de ces zones avec le GPR pour en déterminer la possibilité. « Même si nous n’avons pas localisé le tombeau de Gengis Khan, c’est une façon formidable de sonder de grandes étendues de terrain à la recherche d’un lieu potentiellement de petite taille. En fin de compte, c’est une question de chiffres : plus on peut sonder de zones, plus on a de chances de trouver quelque chose. Et pourquoi pas le tombeau de Gengis Khan ? Ou d’Alexandre le Grand ? »

Une armée de soldats en terre cuite grandeur nature garde le grand tombeau de Qi Shi Huang, le premier empereur de Chine. Les archéologues doivent encore découvrir les sombres secrets du mausolée impérial.

 

3. Entrer dans le mausolée du premier empereur de Chine

Les archéologues connaissent l’emplacement du mausolée de Qin Shi Huangdi, entouré de ses fameux soldats en terre cuite à Xi’an, mais le risque d’endommager des objets conservés dans le tombeau pendant plus de 2 000 ans les retient de l’ouvrir. « Des outils de télédétection tels que le GPR et le magnétomètre peuvent nous donner une idée de la structure intérieure. Nous finirons bien par disposer de petits appareils robotisés capables d’entrer dans le tombeau pour récupérer des informations avec un minimum de perturbations », explique Hiebert.

 

4. Déchiffrer le mystérieux langage de l’ancienne civilisation minoenne

Cela fait plus d’un siècle que la puissante civilisation minoenne a été découverte dans le Bassin méditerranéen, mais les chercheurs sont toujours incapables de déchiffrer son langage, connu sous le nom de linéaire A. « Pour l’instant, nous avons plus de 1 400 exemples de linéaire A à étudier », dit Hiebert. « Et désormais, le Big Data figure dans notre boîte à outils. Pourquoi ne pas refiler le travail à Watson d’IBM ? »

5. Comprendre le but des lignes de Nazca

Les chercheurs continuent à théoriser sur le but des lignes de Nazca. Ces géoglyphes élaborés du Pérou représentent-ils des constellations ? Hiebert partage l’avis de l’anthropologue Johan Reinhard, explorateur en résidence à National Geographic, selon qui aucune évaluation ne peut prouver les théories sur les lignes de Nazca. « C’est là que l’utilisation d’une analyse informatique puissante traitant des quantités de données géographiques et archéologiques serait très importante », commente Hiebert.

 

6. Retrouver un homme de Neandertal intact

Alors que le réchauffement climatique fait fondre la banquise et reculer les glaciers, la probabilité de voir émerger un Néandertalien bien conservé est « très, très élevée », dit Hiebert, à l’instar du bébé mammouth vieux de 40 000 ans retrouvé en Sibérie.

 

7. Confirmer la présence massive des Vikings en Amérique du Nord

Alors que les températures montantes forceront les glaciers à révéler leurs secrets, la fonte des côtes canadiennes exposera un réseau de villages vikings, réécrivant ainsi l’histoire de la « découverte » des Amériques, prédit Hiebert. « Nous avons déjà identifié deux sites vikings en Amérique, et lorsque nous aurons une meilleure compréhension de la nature de ces colonies, je parie que nous commencerons à en reconnaître tout le long de la côte Atlantique. Ce n’est pas impossible à imaginer. »

 

 

Via

Comments

comments

0 commentaire sur “Sept Mystères Anciens Qui Seront Résolus Par Les Archéologues Au 21e Siècle”

  1. May I simply say what a comfort to find someone who really understands what they’re discussing on the web. You actually realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people really need to check this out and understand this side of your story. I was surprised that you aren’t more popular because you certainly have the gift.

  2. I am typically to blog writing and also i truly appreciate your web content. The post has actually peaks my rate of interest. I am mosting likely to bookmark your website and also keep looking for brand-new details.

  3. May I just say what a comfort to discover somebody that really knows what they are discussing online. You certainly understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people really need to read this and understand this side of the story. It’s surprising you aren’t more popular given that you most certainly have the gift.

  4. After looking into a handful of the blog articles on your site, I really appreciate your technique of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my web site as well and let me know your opinion.

  5. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was conducting a little research on this. And he actually bought me lunch simply because I discovered it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to talk about this matter here on your web page.

  6. Heya! I understand this is somewhat off-topic but I had to ask.

    Does running a well-established website such as yours take a lot of work?
    I’m brand new to operating a blog however I do write in my diary every day.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my
    own experience and thoughts online. Please let me know if you have any kind
    of recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring blog owners.
    Thankyou! adreamoftrains hosting services

  7. I?d have to check with you here. Which is not something I usually do! I delight in reviewing a message that will certainly make people believe. Likewise, thanks for allowing me to comment!

  8. Good message. I find out something much more tough on different blog sites daily. It will certainly constantly be promoting to check out material from various other authors and exercise a something from their store. I?d prefer to utilize some with the content on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll offer you a link on your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.

  9. Ping : casino online
  10. Can I just state what a relief to locate a person that actually knows what theyre talking about online. You certainly recognize exactly how to bring a concern to light and also make it crucial. More people need to read this as well as comprehend this side of the story. I angle believe youre not a lot more prominent because you definitely have the gift.

  11. Aw, this was an extremely good post. Finding the time and actual effort to create a great article… but what can I say… I put things off a lot and never manage to get anything done.

  12. Aw, this was an extremely good post. Taking the time and actual effort to produce a superb article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

  13. I blog often and I really thank you for your content. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your blog and keep checking for new details about once a week. I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  14. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after looking at a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely happy I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  15. I?m impressed, I should say. Really rarely do I come across a blog site that?s both educative and enjoyable, and let me inform you, you have actually struck the nail on the head. Your concept is outstanding; the issue is something that insufficient people are talking smartly around. I am very satisfied that I came across this in my look for something relating to this.

  16. Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this site.

  17. I truly love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you build this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my own site and would love to know where you got this from or just what the theme is called. Appreciate it!

  18. After I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you can remove me from that service? Thank you!

  19. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who has been doing a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner because I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this matter here on your web page.

  20. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. cheers

  21. Howdy! This post couldn’t be written much better! Looking at this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I most certainly will send this post to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  22. Can I simply say what a comfort to discover a person that actually understands what they are discussing over the internet. You actually know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people should read this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you aren’t more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  23. When I originally commented I clicked the -Inform me when new comments are added- checkbox and also currently each time a comment is included I get 4 e-mails with the very same remark. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  24. This is the perfect web site for anybody who hopes to understand this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a fresh spin on a topic that has been written about for decades. Excellent stuff, just excellent!

  25. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  26. Hello! I simply want to give a substantial thumbs up for the excellent details you have right here on this blog post. I will certainly be coming back to your blog site for even more soon.

  27. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It’s always interesting to read through articles from other authors and use a little something from their web sites.

  28. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after browsing through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly pleased I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  29. Nice message. I discover something more challenging on various blog sites daily. It will always be stimulating to review web content from various other writers and also exercise a something from their store. I?d choose to utilize some with the material on my blog site whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  30. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment. I do believe that you need to write more on this topic, it may not be a taboo subject but generally people don’t talk about such topics. To the next! Best wishes!!

  31. Ping : deana
  32. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this site. I really hope to check out the same high-grade blog posts by you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own website now 😉

  33. Ping : cialis 5 mg
  34. The very next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not fail me as much as this one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, nonetheless I really believed you’d have something useful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something that you could possibly fix if you were not too busy seeking attention.

  35. The next time I read a blog site, I really hope that it does not dissatisfy me as long as this set. I imply, I recognize it was my choice to review, however I really assumed youd have something interesting to claim. All I hear is a lot of grumbling regarding something that you might deal with if you werent also active searching for focus.

  36. You’re so interesting! I do not suppose I have read something like this before. So wonderful to find someone with genuine thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This web site is something that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  37. My brother recommended I would possibly like
    this web site. He was once totally right. This post actually made my day.
    You can not consider just how so much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  38. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thanks, However I am experiencing problems with your RSS. I don’t know why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody else having identical RSS issues? Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  39. This is the appropriate blog for any individual who wishes to learn about this subject. You realize a lot its almost difficult to say with you (not that I in fact would want?HaHa). You most definitely placed a brand-new spin on a topic thats been discussed for many years. Great stuff, just great!

  40. I’m more than happy to uncover this web site. I need to to thank you for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every bit of it and I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff on your web site.

  41. Wonderful blog post. I learn something extra difficult on different blogs day-to-day. It will constantly be boosting to review content from various other authors and exercise a little something from their shop. I?d like to use some with the web content on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll offer you a web link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  42. Can I just claim what an alleviation to locate somebody that really recognizes what theyre speaking about on the internet. You absolutely know how to bring a problem to light and also make it crucial. Even more individuals require to read this and also recognize this side of the tale. I cant believe youre not much more preferred since you certainly have the gift.

  43. Ping : viagra cost
  44. I was very happy to locate this web-site. I wished to many thanks for your time for this remarkable read!! I absolutely delighting in every bit of it as well as I have you bookmarked to take a look at brand-new things you blog post.

  45. Ping : cash payday
  46. We absolutely love your blog and find almost all of your post’s to be
    exactly what I’m looking for. Would you offer guest writers
    to write content in your case? I wouldn’t mind writing a post or elaborating on most of the subjects you write related to
    here. Again, awesome website!

  47. I am the manager of JustCBD Store label (justcbdstore.com) and I am currently seeking to grow my wholesale side of company. I really hope that anybody at targetdomain share some guidance . I considered that the most ideal way to do this would be to talk to vape companies and cbd retail stores. I was hoping if anybody at all could suggest a dependable website where I can buy Vape Shop B2B Business Data List I am already taking a look at creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. Not sure which one would be the very best choice and would appreciate any advice on this. Or would it be simpler for me to scrape my own leads? Suggestions?

  48. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that « perfect balance » between usability and appearance.
    I must say you’ve done a superb job with this. Also, the blog loads super fast for me on Chrome.

    Outstanding Blog!

  49. This is the ideal blog site for anyone who wishes to find out about this subject. You understand so much its almost hard to say with you (not that I really would want?HaHa). You certainly placed a new spin on a subject thats been discussed for several years. Terrific things, simply terrific!

  50. Ping : cash loans
  51. jobobqidblcvametllvvnfgn lenen zonder bkr fffdeldlfa gkvhmskdkbtftkrbefnhsadvi lenen zonder bkr toetsing glllffggk lkgvmhvaafsflkhmhjovea lenen fgjebajelj kcptqfkakdrkiahdkahkgq hypotheek deejeefjde spcnoahiijrphmmdfviaqmgg migraine headache edjfejjfd

  52. There are some interesting points in time in this short article yet I don?t recognize if I see every one of them facility to heart. There is some credibility but I will certainly hold point of view up until I check out it further. Excellent post, thanks and we desire a lot more! Contributed to FeedBurner as well

  53. Ping : payday loans
  54. I simply want to mention I am just newbie to blogs and honestly enjoyed this web-site. Most likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You definitely come with exceptional posts. Cheers for sharing with us your web site.

  55. Ping : casino slots
  56. Ping : vardenafil cost
  57. Hi there! I realize this is somewhat off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does operating a well-established blog like yours require a
    large amount of work? I am brand new to blogging however I do write in my diary on a daily basis.

    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my personal experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers.
    Appreciate it!

  58. Ping : levitra 20 mg
  59. Ping : generic cialis
  60. Ping : sale cialis
  61. Ping : cheap ed pills
  62. Ping : buy sildenafil

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Protected with IP Blacklist CloudIP Blacklist Cloud

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.